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Safety Moment #12: Process Safety Emergency Response

Process Safety Moment for Emergency Response – the Two Second Rule

Safety Moments

Safety Moments are short stories or anecdotes that illustrate some aspect of personal or process safety. Generally they feature a near miss or foolish event that had the potential to be much worse than it was. They can be used to start a meeting or a task assignment.

We publish a wide range of Safety Moments. Many of the Safety Moments include a video that is generally posted to YouTube. Browse through them and select one that has the most relevance to your audience. This Safety Moment — the Two Second Rule — illustrates the importance of having an emergency response program as part of your overall Process Safety Management (PSM) system.

The Two Second Rule

Emergency Response is a key part of any Process Safety Management (PSM) program. No matter how effective preventive measures may be, there is always a chance that something will go badly awry. In which case an emergency response program is needed.

The Two Second Rule is taught in driver’s education. The basic idea is simple: stay two seconds behind the vehicle that you are following in order to ensure sufficient stopping distance. In other words, in an emergency situation you know what to do and you have sufficient time to take the appropriate action.

The concept of a “two second rule” can also be used in process safety management programs. But in this Safety Moment the idea is put forward that within a short period of time, everyone knows what to do if a catastrophe is looming.


History of Risk and Safety

Information to do with the History of Risk and Safety in the process industries is available both as an ebook and a video.

Behavior-Based Safety

Information to do with Behavior Based Safety is available here.

Inherent Safety

Information to do with the topic of Inherent Safety is available here.


The Purloined Letter, VW Diesels and Incident Investigation

The content of this post is now located here.


Process Risk and Reliability Management: Welcome


Welcome to our blog Process Risk and Reliability Management. Other blogs in the The PSM Report group are:

The posts here are based on the book Process Risk and Reliability Management, published by Elsevier. Details to do with the book are provided here; the Table of Contents (.pdf format) is here; and purchasing information is here.

The posts that we have published so far are shown below, organized by chapters of the book.

Chapter 1 — Risk Management

Chapter 2 — Compliance and Standards

Chapter 3 — Culture and Participation

Chapter 4 — Technical Information

Chapter 5 — Hazard Identification

Chapter 6 — Operating Procedures

Chapter 7 — Training and Competence

Chapter 8 — Prestartup Reviews

Chapter 9 — Asset Integrity

Chapter 10 — Management of Change

Chapter 11 — Incident Investigation and Root Cause Analysis

Chapter 12 — Emergency Management

Chapter 13 — Audits and Assessments

Chapter 14 — Consequence Analysis

Chapter 15 — Frequency Analysis

Chapter 16 — Reliability, Availability and Maintainability

Chapter 17 — Managing a Risk Program

Chapter 18 — Project Management

Chapter 19 — Contractors

Chapter 20 — The Risk Management Professional

Prestartup Reviews

Prestartup (Safety) Reviews

In this post we examine the important, yet frequently misunderstood, topic of Prestartup Reviews in a nine minute video.

Ian Sutton

The video is organized into the following sections.

  • Introduction
  • What the Review Is Not
  • Regulations
  • Types of Review
  • Restart Reviews
  • Organizational Responsibility
  • Elements of Process Safety Management